Albania is bordered by Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, the Republic of Macedonia to the east, and Greece to the south and southeast. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the west and on the Ionian Sea to the southwest. It is less than 72 km from Italy, across the Strait of Otranto which connects the Adriatic Sea to the Ionian Sea.
Albania’s mountainous landscape is rugged and for the most part inaccessible from the outside. To the west, facing the Adriatic Sea, are the lowlands. The climate on the coast is typically Mediterranean with mild, wet winters and warm, sunny, and rather dry summers. Inland the climate conditions vary depending on elevation, but areas above 1,500 m are rather cold and frequently snowy in winter; cold conditions with snow may linger into spring.
Albania has a favorable geographical position, located at the crossroads which connect the western Mediterranean countries with the Balkan Peninsula and Asia Minor as well as being in control of the passage through the Strait of Otranto.
Moreover, Albania is part of the pan European Corridor 8 and TAP pipeline further increasing its strategic importance in the region for trade and logistics development.